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A plus 220-1001 – Exam Objective 3.3

A+ 220-1001 Exam Objective 3.3

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3.3 Given a scenario, install RAM types.

Welcome to Exam Notes by Dumps4shared! In this article, we
will cover Core 1 objective 3.3 Given a scenario, install RAM types.

When you are taking the CompTIA A+ Hardware exam 220-1001, you
will need to know the different types of RAM, their characteristics, and which types
are preferable for high-performance workstations and servers.

What is DDR RAM?

DDR stands for Double Data Rate and it is the standard RAM used
in the majority of PCs today. There are a few different versions of DDR RAM:

  • DDR,
    which first appeared around 2000.
  • DDR2,
    which doubled the performance of DDR, while using less power.
  • DDR3,
    which doubled the performance of DDR2 while using even less power.
  • DDR4,
    which offers higher clock speeds along with lower latency and power
    consumption.

The type of motherboard being used determines the type of RAM that
can be installed. Every DDR version has its own unique notched module shape, preventing
installation of DDR RAM on a motherboard that doesn’t support it.

DIMMs and SODIMMs

DDR RAM comes in two primary physical sizes: DIMMs and SODIMMs.
DIMM stands for Dual In-line Memory Module and SODIMM stands for Small Outline
Dual In-line Memory Module.

View
of a Dual In-line Memory Module or DIMM (click to enlarge)

DIMMS are commonly used in desktop computers and servers while
SODIMMS are used in laptop computers.

Exam Tip: Remember
this fact by using the mnemonic DIMMs for Desktops (D for D).

SODIMM (click to enlarge)

SODIMM in its laptop memory socket (click to enlarge)

RAM Channels

RAM channels refer to the level of communication between RAM
modules and the system’s memory controller. The greater the number of channels,
the more RAM modules the memory controller can access.

Most standard PCs are dual-channel compatible, meaning the
motherboard has at least two RAM sockets. Two identical RAM modules must be installed
for dual-channel functionality to work.

Triple-channel motherboards have at least three RAM sockets (or
a multiple of three) and require certain models of CPU such as the Intel Core
i7 or Xeon processor. There are also quad-channel motherboards with four RAM
sockets (or a multiple of four). Triple and quad-channel RAM systems are much
more expensive to build and are commonly reserved for very high-performance
servers and workstations.

Parity vs.
Non-Parity

Older versions of RAM were available in parity and non-parity
types. Parity RAM has the ability to detect memory-based data errors (but does
not correct them) while non-parity RAM does not have this function.

Parity RAM was made largely obsolete by ECC RAM.

ECC RAM

Error-Correcting Code (ECC) RAM can both detect and correct
memory-based data errors. ECC RAM is commonly used in critical servers where
data corruption cannot be tolerated. ECC RAM is more expensive and requires
ECC-supporting motherboards and processors which are more expensive as well.

There you have it. You are now a RAM expert! Time to move on to objective 3.4!

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